CHARACTERISATION in radio drama
ALAN BECK'S FORMULA FOR THE MAIN CHARACTERS (in a fixed-end soap)
BACK STORY TRANSFORMATION - the main character goes through a significant change - then resumes core qualities INCITING INCIDENT - The Point of Attack - gets the plot into action
Creating a character who exists in time and space, who acts, and who has ideas and emotions. Character conception - from stereotype to psychological complexity Plot function - how the characters serve the plot Formal function - characters or aspects of them specific to plot and events: narrators, confidantes, foils, etc. (ABOVE ENDEBTED TO - Wallis, Mick, and Shepherd, Simon, Studying Plays, 1998, London: Arnold) Character in terms of dynamic relationship Character revealed by the INCITING INCIDENT and the TRANSFORMATION Individualising the type Social context of character Secondary characters
Dramatic conflict - various types of conflict - subversive conflict of humour
Surprise and deception What do appearance, gestures, facial expressions, voice signify - in the Lifeworld?
How do creative radio actors embody these gestures, looks and glances in their radio acting?
How do radio characters interact with each other - beyond the words? Note the 'umms'. Grouping of characters in the scene - what is the radio blocking in studio production? How do characters create suspense, ambiguity, wrong clues, complexity, and certainties?
See - William Ash, The Way to Write Radio Drama, 1985, London: Elm Tree Books.
Information that helps flesh out the skeleton story of the radio play. For example, an accident in a character's past that informs the person's actions in the present.
TRANSFORMATION - the main character goes through a significant change - then resumes core qualities Gives energy and plot events to the narrative arc Protagonist-dominated
INCITING INCIDENT - The Point of Attack - gets the plot into action INCITING INCIDENT: an action or situation that causes conflict for main character. This conflict must be resolved by taking action. See http://writingforstagescreen.suite101.com/article.cfm/what_is_an_inciting_incident_in_a_screenplay After the SET UP (where the listeners first get to know the main character) , the INCITING INCIDENT gets the plot into action. In film scripting, the INCITING INCIDENT is also called The Point of Attack. Example of the INCITING INCIDENT - 'SPACE DETECTIVES' - Episodes 1, Scene 5
See Analysing radio drama
To Analysing radio drama
To Radio Drama Theory Lesson Plan
This site is 'Radio Drama - directing, acting, technical, learning & teaching, researching, styles, genres'. See INDEX to navigate also. Complete curriculum of scripts, techniques (acting & directing & post-production & genre styles), advice, sound files - effects and atmoses (with no copyright and so free to use), detailed script commentaries, etc.
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